- Mikveh in Besalú, Spain from 1264

Sephardic Jews




Prior to 2015 Spain had passed laws that laid a pathway for people of Sephardic descent to reclaim Spanish citizenship (Carta de Naturaleza). In 2015 both Portugal and Spain passed laws allowing practicing Sephardic Jews and those of Sephardic descent to apply for Citizenship. For Spain it was an attempt to streamline to process of the previous laws. Both countries are attempting to atone for the atrocities that were systematically carried out against the Sephardic community starting with the Spanish Edict of Expulsion in 1492 and shortly thereafter the Portuguese Edict in 1496. Eviction from their country was just the start. For hundreds of years The Inquisition relentlessly pursued suspected Judaizers all across the globe. Once caught all of their possession were confiscated, they were imprisoned, tortured, and burned alive.  The Inquisition wasn’t officially outlawed in Portugal until 1821. Spain lagged behind and finally ended the brutal institution in 1834.  

Curious about Sephardi culture and history?


Here are the best of the best that I have come across.



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WHS makes no guarantee or promise regarding the length of time services will take to complete. WHS makes no guarantee or promise regarding the length of time the foreign jurisdiction authorities may take to approve or deny Client’s application. The Client understands that other services not provided by WHS, including Apostille, translations and record searches are not included in WHS fees. These services will be billed to Client separately from the provider of the services and will be Client’s sole responsibility.


Disclaimer: WHS is a consulting service company. WHS is not a law firm. WHS provides intermediary services and guidance in partnership with professionals who specialize in the services described herein, including Spanish lawyers in good standing with the Spanish Bar. Individuals should not act or rely upon general information on legal matters without seeking legal counsel regarding their particular situation. ​Before seeking legal advice and committing to purchase any services, the Client is urged to confirm the credentials of the organization and the individuals providing such assistance and services. All decisions regarding a Client’s application described herein and the granting of Citizenship are made solely by the authorized legal body of the applicable Jurisdiction and WHS makes no guarantee or promise of the outcome of such decisions or the application process. The information on this website is not intended to provide legal advice.  Terms of Use and Privacy Policy